2020 ESG Data Table

ERM Certification and Verification Services, Inc. (ERM CVS) assured the 2020 data for a number of indicators, including GHG emissions and select environmental and social indicators. See the ERM CVS Assurance Statement for full details of the assurance scope, assurance standards used, work undertaken and conclusions, and reference the ESG Data Table below (bolded 2020 data points have been assured).

 

 

Units

2017

2018

2019

2020

GOVERNANCE

About Biogen

Revenue

Million USD

12,274

13,453

14,378

13,445

R&D Spend

Million USD

2,254

2,597

2,281

3,991

No. of Employees

#

7,300

7,800

7,400

9,340

No. of Permanent Employees

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

9,103

No. of FTEs

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

9,192

No. of R&D Employees

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

2,284

ESG Ratings and Rankings 1

 

       

S&P Global CSA

Score

80

83
(Industry Leader)

83
(Industry Leader)

85
(Industry Leader)

MSCI

Rating

A

A

A

A

ISS ESG

Rating

C-

C+ (Prime)

C+ (Prime)

C+ (Prime)

Sustainalytics

Risk Score

N/A

N/A

22

23.5

Corporate Equality Index

%

100

100

100

100

CDP Climate Change

Rating

A

A-

A-

B+

CDP Water

Rating

A

B

B

B

100 Best Corporate Citizens

Rank

66

37

46

62

America’s Most JUST Companies

Rank

29

19

30

150

ENVIRONMENTAL 2

Climate

Scope 1
(fossil fuels and refrigerants)

Metric Tons (MTCO2e)

61,577

68,448

67,447

57,553

Scope 2 - Market based
(electricity and steam)

MTCO2e

59

61

106

183

Total Scope 1 & 2

MTCO2e

61,636

68,509

67,553

57,736

Scope 1 & 2 Absolute Reduction Since 2019 (Target: 55% by 2032)

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

15

Scope 1 & 2 Intensity

MTCO2e / MM USD revenue

5.0

5.1

4.7

4.3

Carbon Offsets 3

MTCO2e

69,783

76,642

76,667

29,637

 

Carbon Neutrality
(Scope 1 & 2 – Offsets)

MTCO2e

0

0

0

28,099

Scope 2 – Location based
(electricity and steam)

MTCO2e

41,134

37,347

37,712

36,953

Scope 3 4

MTCO2e

482,465

436,353

424,592

348,911

   Purchased goods and services (category 1) 5

MTCO2e

396,280

325,928

334,954

254,670

   Capital goods
(category 2) 

MTCO2e

35,424

51,635

32,759

41,356

   Upstream/downstream energy and water-related activities (category 3)

MTCO2e

10,533

11,048

10,570

8,755

   Upstream and downstream distribution (category 4) 5

MTCO2e

N/A

 N/A

 N/A

17,701

   Waste generated in operations
(category 5) 6

MTCO2e

573

758

645

487

   Business travel
(category 6)

MTCO2e

21,111

27,277

24,083

4,038

   Employee commuting & Work from home (category 7) 7

MTCO2e

8,106

8,133

9,516

12,763

   Upstream leased assets (category 8)

MTCO2e

0

0

0

0

   End of life treatment, sold products
(category 12)

MTCO2e

10,438

11,574

12,065

9,141

Scope 3 Intensity

MTCO2e / MM USD revenue

39

32

30

26

Scope 3 (percent of Scope 1, 2 & 3)

%

89

86

86

86

Air Pollution

CO emissions

Metric Tons

4.8

7.7

8.2

6.9

NOx emissions

Metric Tons

13.8

21.9

17.0

19.8

SOx emissions

Metric Tons

1.8

3.5

1.0

2.9

VOC emissions

Metric Tons

1.1

0.8

0.5

0.9

EV100 – Battery Electric Vehicle Program

Total leased vehicles

#

1,256

1,447

1,469

1,929

   Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)

#

0

17

12

41

   Battery electric vehicles (BEV)

#

0

9

9

12

Office EV Charging Points

#

22

22

33

49

Sites with EV Charging Points

#

4

4

6

10

Fleet Carbon Efficiency

g CO2e / mile

326

295

292

228

Energy

Total Energy Use

MWh

451,253

491,194

499,827

444,147

  Renewable Electricity

MWh

130,532

132,751

144,972

139,958

     PPA / Direct Contract

MWh

0

0

0

4,498

     Renewable Energy Certificates 8

MWh

130,532

132,751

144,972

135,460

     On-site Generation

MWh

0

0

0

0

  Non-Renewable Energy

MWh

320,721

358,443

354,855

304,189

     Fossil Fuels
(gas, oil, diesel, gasoline)

MWh

320,480

358,198

354,454

303,576

     Municipal Steam

MWh

239

236

316

490

     Electricity

MWh

2

10

85

124

Energy Intensity

MWh / MM USD revenue

37

37

35

33

RE100 Target – Global Renewable Electricity 9

%

100

100

100

100

Fossil Fuel Free – Renewable Energy

%

29

27

29

32

Water

Major Facilities with Fair Share of Water Withdrawal 10
(Target: Maintain 100%)

%

50

40

100

100

Water Use (ex. non-contact cooling water)

Million Cubic meters (m3)

0.985

1.310

1.272

1.035

Water Use Intensity

m3 / MM USD revenue

80

97

88

77

Water Reused/Recycled 11

%

8

6

5

7

Water Withdrawal

Million m3

1.306

1.629

1.511

1.265

   Municipal Supply (potable & grey water)

Million m3

0.901

1.217

1.207

0.961

   Fresh Surface Water (non-contact cooling)

Million m3

0.404

0.411

0.303

0.303

   Rainwater

Million m3

0.001

0.001

0.001

0.001

Water Discharges

Million m3

0.935

1.214

0.990

0.806

   Fresh Surface Water

Million m3

0.392

0.400

0.303

0.303

   Wastewater

Million m3

0.543

0.815

0.687

0.503

Waste

Non-hazardous Waste 12

Metric Tons

7,606

8,161

7,561

2,841

   Reused

Metric Tons

31

11

6

39

   Recycled

Metric Tons

1,012.3

932.4

1,732

527

   Composted

Metric Tons

3,461

3,334

2,997

909

   Energy Recovery via Anaerobic Digestion

Metric Tons

76

70

43

0

   Waste to Energy

Metric Tons

1,014

1,309

1,206

879

   Incineration

Metric Tons

1,990

2,472

1,544

455

   Landfill

Metric Tons

21

33

32

32

Non-hazardous Waste Intensity

Metric Tons / MM USD revenue

0.62

0.61

0.53

0.21

Waste to Landfill Diversion
(Target: Maintain 100%)

%

100

100

100

99

Recovery & Recycling Rate
(Non-hazardous Waste)

%

60

53

63

52

Hazardous and Biohazardous Waste

Metric Tons

211

233

219

208

   Recycled

Metric Tons

8

16

16

14

   Waste to Energy

Metric Tons

133

145

138

117

   Incineration

Metric Tons

69

72

65

77

   Landfill

Metric Tons

1

1

0

0

SOCIAL

Community

Total Foundation Grants 13

Million USD

4.5

4.9

4.7

16.4

Employee Matching Gifts Program

Million USD

1.7

1.4

1.7

2.5

Corporate Grants and Sponsorships14

Million USD

N/A

N/A

N/A

72.4

Volunteer Hours 15

Hours

11,000

12,200

16,560

4,369

STAR Initiative Investment 16
(Target: Cumulative $10M by 2022)

Million USD

N/A

2.0

2.7

2.8

Diversity, Equity & Inclusion

Supplier Diversity Spend

Million USD

153

160

161

173

Supplier Diversity Spend of Total U.S. Spend

%

7.9

7.4

7.8

8.1

Women in:

       

 

   Workforce

%

49.6

50.6

52.5

53.5

   Management 17

%

47.1

48.4

49.8

51.7

   Director Level and Above

%

N/A

N/A

46

49

   Management in Revenue Generating Functions 17,18

%

N/A

51.1

50.5

52.3

   STEM-related Positions

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

44.6

   Junior Management

%

N/A

N/A

51.6

53.7

   Top Management (VP+)

%

N/A

N/A

39.2

42.9

   Executive Team

%

25

30

25

29

   Board of Directors

%

27

27

23

17

Director-level and Above Positions Held by Ethnic / Racial Minorities (U.S. Only)

%

N/A

N/A

26

28

Ethnic / Racial in Workforce (U.S. Only):

%

       

   Asian

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

16.9

   Black or African American

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

12.2

   Hispanic or Latino

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

5.1

   White

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

63.4

   Indigenous or Native

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.3

   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.1

   Two or More Races

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.1

   No Response

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.5

Ethnic / Racial in Management (U.S. Only): 17

%

       

   Asian

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

18.5

   Black or African American

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

5.3

   Hispanic or Latino

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

4.9

   White

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

69.4

   Indigenous or Native

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.1

People with Disability in Workforce

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

3.3

LGBTQI+ in Workforce

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.6

Workforce Age 29 or younger

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

9.8

Workforce Age 30 to 50

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

67.8

Workforce Age 51 or older

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

22.5

Talent Attraction and Retention

Employee Satisfaction 19

%

89

77

76

86

Engagement Survey Response Rate

%

N/A

N/A

74

74

No. of New Employees

#

1588

1661

1696

2679

Open Positions filled by Internal Candidates

%

N/A

N/A

26.4

19.5

Training and Development

Avg Hours per FTE

N/A

N/A

N/A

38

Total Turnover 20

%

N/A

13.7

13.0

9.0

Voluntary Turnover 20

%

N/A

9.5

10.3

7.2

Health & Safety

Total Recordable Injury Rate (TRIR) 21

Cases / 200,000 working hours

0.22

0.23

0.28

0.17

Days Away Case Rate (DACR) 21

Cases / 200,000 working hours

0.05

0.11

0.11

0.06

3-Year Average DACR Industry Rank 22
(Target: Top 3)

Rank

5

4

2

2

Contractor DACR 23

Cases / 200,000 working hours

0.30

0.20

0.87

0.00

Number of Fatalities

#

0

0

0

0

Collisions per Million Miles
(US Fleet) 24

Collisions / million miles

5.6

5.0

3.7

6.9

 
 
Footnotes for 2020 Data Table
N/A = Data was not collected in reporting year.
All prior environmental data was adjusted with the most recent emission factors available, as applicable.
1.     Year of the result is based on the ranking publication year, which may use data from other time periods per the publication's methodology.
2.     The direct and indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic had a material impact on our environmental data in 2020 and therefore direct comparison to 2019 may not be applicable. Description of the impact is provided in the Environmental Section of the Year in Review.
3.     VCS-certified carbon offsets from New Bedford Landfill Gas to Energy project in Massachusetts. These offsets are considered abatement with avoided emissions, thus applicable to Carbon Neutral approach but not Net Zero.
4.     Scope 3 categories 9, 10, 11, 13, 14 and 15 were determined to not be relevant to our value chain or are aggregated into other categories.
5.     Due to improvements in our categorization of spend data, we were able to split out Scope 3 category 4 from category 1 in 2020.
6.     Waste generation at affiliate offices, excluding Weston, Massachusetts, is considered de minimis and excluded. However, waste generation is estimated for the purposes of calculating Scope 3 category 5 emissions.
7.     Work from home emissions were included in Scope 3 category 7 for the first time in 2020.
8.     Renewable energy certificates retired include bundled and unbundled Green-e certified Renewable Energy Certifications, Guarantees of Origin, J-Credits, Australian RECs, I-RECs to match Biogen's electricity usage in the U.S./Canada, Europe, Japan, Australia and South America/China/Mexico/United Arab Emirates, respectively. 
9.     RE100 member Biogen has maintained its achievement of 100% renewable electricity across 30 of the markets in which it operates. In total, this equates to 99.9% of its global demand, with 0.1% remaining unmet in South Korea and New Zealand, where Biogen is facing barriers to sourcing RE in accordance with the strict RE100 criteria. Biogen looks forward to working with our RE100 members to improve supply in these markets.
10.  Percent of major sites assessed for water withdrawal using a context-based methodology. Fair, just and proportionate share of locally available renewable supplies is defined as a ratio of less than 1.0 using the Center for Sustainable Organization’s Corporate Water Gauge tool, a context-based water metric.
11.  Data reflects percentage of reclaimed water on-site, harvested rainwater and municipal grey water compared to total water use.
12.  Data includes non-hazardous solid waste and trucked off wastewater from our routine operations only. Waste derived from construction and demolition debris, incinerator ash and other contractor activities is not included.
13.  Includes all grants awarded by the Biogen Foundation exclusive of the Biogen Foundation’s Employee Matching Gifts Program. Increase from prior year related to the committed $10 million to support global response efforts and communities around the world impacted by COVID-19 pandemic.
14.  Corporate Grants and Sponsorships includes Global Medical Grants and Patient Education Grants, General Grants, Fellowships and Sponsorships.   
15.  347 hours were performed during paid working hours. Total monetary value of philanthropic contributions associated with Community Labs, Biogen Foundation and Medical and Patient Education Grants include: $40.1 million cash contributions; $27,000 employee volunteering time; $190,000 in-kind giving; and $1.3 million management oversight.
16.  The STAR Initiative is a coordinated funding strategy designed to help catalyze the development of local science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) ecosystems in Cambridge, Massachusetts and Somerville, Massachusetts. STAR stands for Science, Teacher support, Access and Readiness and is intended to strengthen and support the educational landscapes in these cities by helping increase access to STEM resources and opportunities for students most underrepresented in STEM college or career pathways.
17.  Inclusive of all management levels, consisting of manager+ level employees.
18.  Revenue generating functions include Pharmaceutical Operations & Technology, Commercial and Research & Development.
19.  The annual people survey question for which our employee satisfaction metric was changed in 2018 and again in 2020 to help us better assess our overall employee engagement. The employee satisfaction value for 2018 and 2019 are in line with global industry benchmarks.
20. In August 2019 Biogen completed the sale of all of the outstanding shares of its subsidiary that owned its biologics manufacturing operations in Hillerød, Denmark to FUJIFILM Corporation. 2019 total turnover data does not include the 800 employees who continued employment under Fujifilm ownership.
21.  Includes permanent and contracted employees, excludes contractors (e.g., construction, janitorial, food services). For ease of industry-wide benchmarking for our stakeholders, 2020 values do not include work related COVID-19 infections, because the infections occurred at an offsite meeting and are not indicative of health and safety performance within our operations. When COVID-19 cases are included the DACR is 0.07 and the TRIR is 1.11.
22.  Industry composed of 15 leading pharmaceutical company peers.
23.  Contractor DACR: Includes construction-related contractors only.
24.  Fleet insurance provided was changed in 2020 resulting in change in definition of collision.