2021 ESG Data Table

ERM Certification and Verification Services, Inc. (ERM CVS) assured the 2021 data for a number of indicators, including GHG emissions and select environmental and social indicators. See the ERM CVS Assurance Statement for full details of the assurance scope, assurance standards used, work undertaken and conclusions, and reference the ESG Data Table below (bolded 2021 data points have been assured).

 

 

Units

2018

2019

2020

2021

GOVERNANCE

About Biogen

Revenue

Million USD

13,453

14,378

13,445

10,982

R&D Spend

Million USD

2,597

2,281

3,991

2,501

No. of Employees

#

7,800

7,400

9,340

9,832

No. of Permanent Employees

#

-

-

9,103

9,616

No. of FTEs

#

-

-

9,192

9,586

No. of R&D Employees

#

-

-

2,284

2,366

No. of Part-time Employees

#

-

-

-

137

Workforce Located in the U.S.

%

-

-

-

57

Board of Directors

Total Number of Directors

#

N/A

N/A

13

13

Executive

#

N/A

N/A

1

1

Independent

#

N/A

N/A

12

12

ESG Ratings, Rankings and Assessments 1

 

       

S&P Global CSA (DJSI)

Score

83
(Industry Leader)

83
(Industry Leader)

85
(Industry Leader)

84
(Industry Leader)

MSCI

Rating

A

A

A

A

ISS ESG

Rating

C+ (Prime)

C+ (Prime)

C+ (Prime)

C+ (Prime)

Sustainalytics

Risk Score

N/A

22

23.5

21.3

Human Rights Campaign's Corporate Equality Index

%

100

100

100

100

Disability: IN's Disability Equality Index

%

100

100

100

100

CDP Climate Change

Rating

A-

A-

B+

B

CDP Water

Rating

B

B

B

B

Corporate Knights Global 100

Rank

-

-

-

97

100 Best Corporate Citizens

Rank

37

46

62

17

America’s Most JUST Companies

Rank

19

30

150

36

Bloomberg Gender-Equality Index (GEI)

Signatory or Participant

 

 

 

X

United Nations Global Impact

Signatory or Participant

 

 

X

X

Workforce Disclosure Initiative (WDI)

Signatory or Participant

 

 

 

X

Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Initiative Member

Signatory or Participant

 

 

X

X

Compliance and Ethics

Employees trained on Biogen's Anti-Bribery and Corruption Policy

%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Employees trained on Biogen's Code of Conduct

%

100%

100%

100%

100%

ENVIRONMENTAL 2,3

Climate

Scope 1
(fossil fuels and refrigerants)4

MT CO2e

68,448

67,031

57,553

63,182

Scope 2 - Market based
(electricity and steam)4

MT CO2e

61

131

280

268

Total Scope 1 & 2 (Market based)4

MT CO2e

68,509

67,162

57,833

63,450

Scope 1 & 2 Intensity

MT CO2e / MM USD revenue

5.1

4.7

4.3

5.8

Total Purchased Carbon Offsets5

MT CO2e

76,642

76,667

29,637

0

 

Carbon Neutrality
(Scope 1 & 2 – Offsets)

MT CO2e

68,448

67,031

29,637

0

Scope 2 – Location based
(electricity and steam)

MT CO2e

37,347

37,712

36,953

34,262

Scope 36

MT CO2e

436,353

424,592

348,911

406,459

   Category 1 - Purchased goods and service

MT CO2e

325,928

334,954

254,670

321,610

   Category 2 - Capital goods

MT CO2e

51,635

32,759

41,356

34,506

   Category 3 - Fuel-and-energy-related activities

MT CO2e

11,048

10,570

8,755

11,791

   Category 4 - Upstream transportation and distribution

MT CO2e

N/A

 N/A

 17,701

17,148

   Category 5 - Waste generated in operations7

MT CO2e

758

645

487

290

   Category 6 - Business travel8

MT CO2e

27,277

24,083

4,083

2,232

   Category 7 - Employee commuting8

MT CO2e

8,133

9,516

2,661

2,227

   Category 7 - Empoyee work from home8

MT CO2e

N/A

N/A

9,531

9,652

   Category 8 - Upstream leased assets

MT CO2e

0

0

0

0

   Category 12 - End-of-life treatment of sold products

MT CO2e

11,574

12,065

9,141

7,003

Scope 3 Intensity9

MT CO2e / MM USD revenue

32

30

26

37

Scope 3 (percent of Scope 1, 2 & 3)

%

86

86

86

86

Total Value Chain (Scope 1, 2 & 3)4

MT CO2e

504,862

491,545

406,139

469,909

Targets and Performance

Scope 1 & 2 Absolute Reduction Since 2019 (Target: 55% by 2032)4

%

N/A

N/A

-14

-6

Suppliers that set or pledged to set a climate goal via the Science Based Targets iniative (Target: 80% of suppliers by spend by 2025)

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

18

Suppliers that have committed to 100% renewable energy by 2040 (Target: 50% of suppliers by spend by 2030; 90% of suppliers by 2040)

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

26

Air Quality

CO emissions

MT

7.7

8.2

6.9

4.5

NOx emissions

MT

21.9

17

19.8

13.3

SOx emissions

MT

3.5

1

2.9

1.9

VOC emissions

MT

0.8

0.5

0.9

1.0

EV100 – Battery Electric Vehicle Program

Total Leased Vehicles

#

1,447

1,469

1,929

1,978

   Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV)

#

17

12

41

26

   Battery electric vehicles (BEV)

#

9

9

12

81

Office EV charging points

#

22

33

49

49

Sites with EV charging points

#

4

6

10

10

Fleet carbon efficiency10

g CO2e / mile

295

292

228

282

Energy

Total Energy Use

MWh

491,194

499,827

444,147

471,895

  Renewable Electricity

MWh

132,751

144,972

139,958

143,470

     PPA / Direct Contract

MWh

3,181

3,240

4,498

44,627

     Renewable Energy Certificates11

MWh

129,570

141,732

135,460

98,843

     On-site Generation

MWh

0

0

0

0

  Non-Renewable Energy

MWh

358,443

354,855

304,189

328,452

     Fossil Fuels
(gas, oil, diesel, gasoline)

MWh

358,198

354,454

303,576

327,337

     Municipal Steam

MWh

236

316

490

980

     Electricity

MWh

10

85

124

108

  Data Coverage

%

100%

100%

100%

100%

Energy Intensity

MWh / MM USD revenue

37

35

33

43

RE100 Target – Global Renewable Electricity 12

%

100

100

100

100

Fossil Fuel Free – Renewable Energy Allocation

% Total energy

27

29

32

30

Water

Major Facilities with Fair Share of Water Withdrawal
(Target: Maintain 100%)13

%

40

100

100

100

Water Use (ex. non-contact cooling water)

Million Cubic Meters (m3)

1.31

1.272

1.035

1.076

Water Use Intensity

m3 / MM USD revenue

97

88

77

83

Water Reused/Recycled 14

%

6

5

7

4

Water Withdrawal

Million m3

1.629

1.511

1.265

1.368

   Municipal Supply (potable & grey water)

Million m3

0.895

0.758

0.590

0.581

   Fresh Surface Water (non-contact cooling)

Million m3

0.411

0.303

0.303

0.333

   Groundwater

Million m3

0.322

0.447

0.370

0.453

   Rainwater

Million m3

0.001

0.001

0.001

0.001

Water Discharges

Million m3

1.214

0.99

0.806

0.825

   Fresh Surface Water

Million m3

0.4

0.303

0.303

0.333

   Wastewater

Million m3

0.815

0.687

0.503

0.492

Waste15

Non-hazardous Waste 16

MT

8,161

7,561

2,841

3,510

   Reused

MT

11

6

39

76

   Recycled

MT

932.4

1,732

527

497.8

   Composted

MT

3,334

2,997

909

200

   Energy Recovery via Anaerobic Digestion

MT

70

43

0

0

   Waste to Energy17

MT

1,309

1,206

879

1,361

   Incineration18

MT

2,472

1,544

455

1,367

   Landfill

MT

33

32

32

6

Non-hazardous Waste Intensity

MT / MM USD Revenue

0.61

0.53

0.21

0.32

Waste to Landfill Diversion
(Target: Maintain 100%)

%

100

100

99

100

Recovery & Recycling Rate
(Non-hazardous Waste)

%

53

63

52

22

Hazardous and Biohazardous Waste

MT

233

219

208

269

   Recycled

MT

16

16

14

<1

   Waste to Energy

MT

145

138

117

211

   Incineration19

MT

72

65

77

56

   Landfill

MT

1

0

0

2

SOCIAL20

Community Engagement and Giving

Total Foundation Grants 21,22

Million USD

4.9

4.7

16.4

6.1

Employee Matching Gifts Program23

Million USD

1.4

1.7

2.5

2.1

Corporate Grants and Sponsorships24

Million USD

N/A

N/A

72.4

71.0

Volunteer Hours 25

Hours

16,500

16,650

16,560

14,493

Biogen Foundation STAR Initiative Investment
(Target: Cumulative $10M by 2022)26

Million USD

2.0

2.7

2.8

2.7

Responsible Supply Chain

Supplier Diversity Spend

Million USD

160

161

173

230

Supplier Diversity Spend of Total U.S. Spend27

%

7.4

7.8

8.1

11.8

Workforce Diversity, Equity and Inclusion

Women in

       

 

   Workforce

%

50.6

52.5

53.5

53.9

   Management 28

%

48.4

49.8

51.7

53.1

   Director Level and Above

%

N/A

46

49

47.6

   Management in Revenue-generating functions 29

%

51.1

50.5

52.3

53.4

   STEM-related Positions

%

N/A

N/A

44.6

48.8

   Junior Management

%

N/A

51.6

53.7

55.3

   Top Management (VP+)

%

N/A

39.2

42.9

44.6

   Executive Team

%

30

25

29

25

   Board of Directors

%

27

23

17

23

Demographics in Workforce (U.S. Only):

 

       

   Asian American

%

N/A

N/A

16.9

17.4

   Black or African American

%

N/A

N/A

12.2

11.6

   Hispanic or Latino

%

N/A

N/A

5.1

4.8

   White

%

N/A

N/A

63.4

63.6

   Indigenous or Native American

%

N/A

N/A

0.3

0.4

   Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander

%

N/A

N/A

0.1

0.1

   Two or More Races

%

N/A

N/A

1.1

1.5

   No Response

%

N/A

N/A

0.5

0.6

Demographics in Management (U.S. Only): 30

 

       

   Asian American

%

N/A

N/A

18.5

19.5

   Black or African American

%

N/A

N/A

5.3

6.6

   Hispanic or Latino

%

N/A

N/A

4.9

4.7

   White

%

N/A

N/A

69.4

67.1

   Indigenous or Native American

%

N/A

N/A

0.1

0.2

Other Underrepresented Groups

   People with Disability in Workforce

%

N/A

N/A

3.3

3.7

   LGBTQ+ in Workforce

%

N/A

N/A

1.6

1.3

   Workforce Age 29 or Younger

%

N/A

N/A

9.8

8.5

   Workforce Age 30 to 50

%

N/A

N/A

67.8

67.8

   Workforce Age 51 or Older

%

N/A

N/A

22.5

23.7

Demographics in Board of Directors31

   Black or African American

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

1

   Hispanic or Latino

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

2

   White

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

9

   Did Not Disclose Demographic Background

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

1

Director-level and Above Positions Held by Racial Minorities (U.S. Only)

%

N/A

26

28

26

Talent Attraction, Retention & Turnover

Employee Satisfaction 32

%

77

76

86

73

Engagement Survey Response Rate

%

N/A

74

74

71

No. of New Employees

#

1,661

1,696

2,679

1,990

Open Positions Filled by Internal Candidates

%

N/A

26.4

19.5

23.4

Training and Development

Avg Hours/Employee

N/A

N/A

38

32

Training and Development

$ / FTE

N/A

N/A

1,339

999

Total Turnover Rate33

%

13.7

13

9

14

Total Retention Rate

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

86

   Voluntary Turnover

%

9.5

10.3

7.2

11

   Involuntary Turnover

%

N/A

N/A

1.8

3

Gender Pay Assessment34

 

 

 

 

 

   Executives

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

1.02

   Management

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.95

   All Other Professionals

%

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.99

Occupational Health and Safety

Total Recordable Injury Rate (TRIR) 35

Cases / 200,000 working hours

0.23

0.28

0.17

0.12

Days Away Case Rate (DACR)35

Cases / 200,000 working hours

0.11

0.11

0.06

0.07

Lost-Time Injuries Frequency Rate35

#

N/A

N/A

N/A

0.34

3-Year Average DACR Industry Rank 36
(Target: Top 3)

Rank

4

2

2

2

Contractor DACR 37

Cases / 200,000 working hours

0.20

0.87

0

0

Number of Fatalities for Employees

#

0

0

0

0

Number of Fatalities for Contractors

#

0

0

0

0

Collisions per Million Miles
(U.S. Fleet) 38

Collisions / million miles

5

3.7

6.9

4.5

 
 
Footnotes for 2021 Data Table
N/A = Data were not collected in reporting year.
All prior environmental data were adjusted with the most recent emission factors available, as applicable.
1. Year of the result is based on the ranking publication year, which may use data from other time periods per the publication’s methodology.
2. The direct and indirect effects of the COVID-19 pandemic had a material impact on our environmental data in 2020, and, therefore, direct comparison to 2021 may not be applicable. Additional context related to the impact is provided in the Environmental Section of the Year in Review.
3. Environmental indicators include impacts from 100% of Biogen operations including owned and leased facilities.
4. Scope 1 values have been restated for calendar year 2019, while market based Scope 2 values have been restated for calendar year 2019 and 2020 in this 2021 publication based on methodology updates.
5. VCS-certified carbon offsets from New Bedford Landfill Gas to Energy project in Massachusetts. These offsets are considered abatement with avoided emissions, thus applicable to Carbon Neutral approach but not Net Zero. 2020 was the last year Biogen purchased carbon offsets as part of our abatement strategy.
6. Scope 3 categories 9, 10, 11, 13, 14 and 15 were determined to be not applicable or negligible.
7. Waste generation at affiliate offices, excluding Weston, Massachusetts, is considered de minimis and excluded. However, waste generation is estimated for the purposes of calculating Scope 3, Category 5 emissions. During 2021, waste generated in operations continued to decline because of operational impacts due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
8. Due to a decline in business travel and employee commute due to the COVID-19 pandemic, emissions from Scope 3, Categories 6 and 7 are minimal compared to normal operating conditions. In 2020, we added impacts from employees working from home to more accurately estimate these impacts.
9.The Scope 3 intensity increased from 2020 to 2021 because overall revenue declined.
10. Fleet carbon efficiency for 2020 is reduced compared to normal operating conditions due to a decline in business travel during the COVID-19 pandemic; the carbon impact associated with the fleet from 2019 to 2021 decreased by 4%.
11. Renewable energy certificates retired include bundled and unbundled Green-e certified Renewable Energy Certifications, Guarantees of Origin, J-Credits, Australian RECs I-RECs to match Biogen’s electricity usage in the U.S./Canada, Europe, Japan, Australia and South America/China/Mexico/United Arab Emirates, respectively.
12. RE100 member Biogen achieved 100% renewable  electricity (as defined by RE100) across 30 of the markets in which it operates.
13. Percent of major sites assessed for water withdrawal using a context-based methodology. Fair, just and proportionate share of locally available renewable supplies is defined as a ratio of less than 1.0 using the Center for Sustainable Organization’s Corporate Water Gauge tool, a context-based water metric.
14. Data reflect percentage of reclaimed water on-site,  harvested rainwater and municipal grey water compared to total water use.
15. All applicable waste disposal methods are included; no waste is disposed of by other or unknown methods.
16. Data include non-hazardous waste generated by Biogen operations (e.g., non-hazardous solid waste and trucked off wastewater). Waste derived from construction and demolition debris, incinerator ash and other contractor activities is not included.
17. All non-hazardous waste with energy recovery is generated by incineration.
18. For 2021, 1,361 metric tons of waste are incinerated for energy recovery, and 6 metric tons are incinerated without energy recovery.
19. During 2021, no hazardous waste was destroyed via incineration.
20. Social indicators cover 100% of permanent employees unless otherwise noted.
21. Includes all grants awarded by the Biogen Foundation exclusive of the Biogen Foundation’s Employee Matching Gifts Program. In 2021, Biogen continued funding grants related to the committed $10 million to support global response efforts and communities around the world impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.
22. Total in foundation grants is inclusive of STAR initiative investment.
23. Through our matching gifts program, employees donated more than $2 million to organizations around the world, giving particularly generously to address crisis situations, including the situation in Afghanistan and the COVID-19 spike in India.
24. Corporate Grants and Sponsorships includes Global Medical Grants and Patient Education Grants, General Grants, Infrastructure Grants, Fellowships and Sponsorships.
25. 10,312 hours were performed during paid working hours, assuming 8 hours per employee for each of the 1,289 employee respondents. Total monetary value of contributions associated with Biogen Grants, Sponsorships, in-kind and Community Labs, as well as the Biogen Foundation: $80 million cash contributions.
26. The STAR Initiative is a coordinated funding strategy designed to help catalyze the development of local science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) ecosystems in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Somerville, Massachusetts. STAR stands for Science, Teacher support, Access and Readiness and is intended to strengthen and support the educational landscapes in these cities by helping increase access to STEM resources and opportunities for students most underrepresented in STEM college or career pathways.
27. In 2021, minority owned suppliers accounted for 19% of the diversity spend (2% of all Biogen supplier spending).
28. Women in management percentage is inclusive of all management levels, consisting of manager+ level employees.
29. Revenue generating functions include Pharmaceutical Operations & Technology, Commercial and Research & Development.
30. Demographics are inclusive of all management levels, consisting of manager+ level employees.
31. Racial and ethnic demographics that do not apply are excluded.
32. For 2017, our employee satisfaction metric was based on the question “Are you proud to work for Biogen” in our annual people survey. For 2018-2019, the employee satisfaction question was changed to “How happy are you working at Biogen?” Using total engagement score from June 2020 survey: “I would recommend Biogen as a great place to work” and “How happy are you working at Biogen?” The ‘strongly agree’ and ‘agree’ responses are included in the reported activity engaged percentile.
33. In August 2019 Biogen completed the sale of all outstanding shares of its subsidiary that owned its biologics manufacturing operations in Hillerød, Denmark to FUJIFILM Corporation. The 2019 total turnover data do not include the 800 employees who continued employment under Fujifilm ownership.
34. The gender pay assessment includes data covering all permanent global employees adjusted for the number of females and males at each level within the organization for base compensation only. The ratio is calculated by averaging the mean base pay for women in the stated role in comparison to the mean base pay of men in a similar role. We also assess our gender pay gap for employees in the U.K. Our latest report can be found here.
35. Includes permanent and contracted employees, excludes contractors (e.g., construction, janitorial, food services). 
36. Industry composed of 15 leading pharmaceutical company peers.
37. Contractor DACR: Includes construction-related contractors only.
38. Fleet insurance provided was changed in 2020 resulting in change in definition of collision.